Whiteheads, blackheads & enlarged pores. How to get rid of them?

by Catelyn Cox

Do you know that comedones (also known as blackheads and whiteheads) and enlarged skin pores may appear on perfectly healthy skin? Even though the complexion may be completely free from acne and other imperfections, somehow it can’t handle the whiteheads and blackheads. Why is that? In most cases the excess sebum is the factor encouraging those skin blemishes.These nasty black and white dots on the skin are pretty awkward and basically it’s hard to come up with some easy tricks to erase them fast and effectively. Is there any chance to eliminate or at least reduce the comedones with some home remedies, or do you need to seek professional help in a beauty salon? Luckily, we know a few proven methods to get impeccable skin! Some skin treatments can be performed at home, but for the others you need to make an arrangement with some of your local aestheticians. Keep reading to learn how to say goodbye to whiteheads, blackheads and enlarged pores.

What are comedones?

There are two types of comedones: blackheads (open comedones) and whiteheads (trapped within a pore). Both of them are a typical feature of a skin that produces too much oil and experiences difficulties with proper exfoliation of epidermis. Sebum combined with dead skin cells, dirt and toxins create a clog that blocks the outlet of pores, and this is how comedones are formed. If you smoke cigarettes, the comedones absorb all the chemical compounds the smoke contains. Yet, the worst thing is that such skin lesions are easy to get infected, which leads to festers.

In-salon treatments to combat blackheads and whiteheads

  • Manual cleansing is the most popular method to erase comedones in a beauty salon. After careful makeup removal and peeling, an aesthetician applies a special preparation and does steam facial to open skin pores and soften epidermis. The preparation is removed after 5-10 minutes and the aesthetician moves on to removing comedos manually. Once the skin is freed from whiteheads and blackheads, the aesthetician disinfects the skin and applies a facial mask or cream.
  • Cavitation peel depends on cleansing the skin through ultrasounds. A special device emitting high frequency waves is required for this procedure. This treatment is perfect for sensitive skin for two reasons. Firstly, the waves are gentle to the skin, are non-invasive and secondly, the intensity of the treatment can be adjusted to each patient individually.
  • Mandelic acid exfoliating cleanser requires using a couple of preparations. Firstly, the skin is covered with a substance responsible for balancing skin’s pH to later expose it to mandelic acid; this stage lasts 20-30 minutes. Since acids are invasive, an aesthetician applies SPF to the skin to reduce the risk of pigmentation.

At-home treatments to combat blackheads and whiteheads

  • Comedo vacuum suction remover is a special device designed for home use that is supposed to suck the dirt and grime out from clogged skin pores. The treatment consists of two stages. First, you have to dampen the skin with water mist and then slowly glide the device over the face. Once you finish, you have to wash the face and apply a moisturizer.
  • Skin care products seem to be the most obvious thing to turn to to help skin prone to comedos get clear. Without the right skincare products, you can’t expect your complexion to be even and smooth. Therefore, bear in mind that you have to follow a few basic skincare rules. For example, you need to collect a set of products that match your skin type, keep your skin hydrated and nourished. Additionally, the very skincare products must be non-comedogenic. Only then can you be sure that they won’t encourage any blackheads and whiteheads. Which products to choose? For example, you can go for those enriched with vitamin B3. Moreover, skin that is prone to comedos likes various products that helps it get rid of dead skin cells. What you should steer clear of is the skincare products that are formulated with vitamin E. This nutrient is comedogenic and may leave you with enlarged pores.
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